In the territory of Slovenia we have been breeding the autochthonous honey bees, Apis mellifera carnica, for centuries. Today is Apis mellifera CARNICA the only legally authorized bee in the Republic of Slovenia and it is one of the world’s best-known bee – named as Kranjska sivka or Carniolan Bee, Carnica Biene, Krainer Biene.
The Carnica honey bee has excellent qualities that are prized by beekeepers from around the world.
- Non-aggressive, rarely stings,
- Calm and docile behaviour on the comb,
- Rapid spring development,
- High yields,
- Good use of forest pastures,
- Less collection of propolis,
- Excellent sense of orientation,
- A well-developed cleaning instinct,
- Wintering in small families and using small amounts of the winter food supply,
- easily adapt to climatic conditions as well tolerated low and high temperature,
- The Brood is adapted to pasture conditions,
- worker bees live from 4 to 9 days longer than other honeybee races,
- bee of high-yield, 37% more than the Caucasian and 18% more than the Italian bee.
Carnica honey bee is a gentle bee suitable for all beginners, for tourist and educational programs, for sensitive urban areas, …
- beginners and professional beekeepers;
- hobby and professional beekeepers;
- breeder queens;
- urban beekeeping and beekeeping in densely populated areas;
- educational and tourism purposes;
- mountainous areas;
- coastal areas;
- cooler areas and areas with long winters;
- use of nectar and honeydew flow;
- areas with intense spring flowering period;
- areas with rapid changes in weather and frequent rain.
Carniola has intensive development in the spring and during this time the beekeeper must closely follow the evolution of bee colonies. Bees need a place to build, and if beekeeper does not provide them enough space, they will find the place for building outside the hive.
The first and only rule is to make sure that the bee colonies have enough space for its development so that they won’t swarm.
The beekeeper must increase the hive on time. Not too fast, so does not hinder the development of the colonies and not too late, so doesn’t cause swarming. Carniolan queen begins with the brood in the second half of January, when in a very poor colonies begins in February. However, the breed developed at breathtaking speed in spring. In the spring months (March, April, May), the breed increased by 450% (from 16 to 22 thousand bees in the winter to 80 thousand bees in spring). In March and April is development of breed very intense and breed quickly filled the hive. When the concentration of bees reach 450 bees / dm3, the frames are full of honey and outside prevails nice weather is weary likely for swarming. In the case when the concentration exceeds of bees 520 bees / dm3 is swarming inevitable.